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ACT Technical Manual


The ACT Technical Manual contains detailed information about the ACT test. The principal purpose of the manual is to document technical characteristics of the ACT test in light of its intended purpose.


The ACT test is a comprehensive system of data collection, processing, and reporting designed to help high school students develop postsecondary educational plans and to help postsecondary educational plans and to help postsecondary educational institutions meet the needs of their students. One component of the ACT is a battery of four multiple-choice tests of educational achievement - English, mathematics, reading, and science- and an optional writing test.

Content Guide

  • Chapter 1 - The ACT
  • Chapter 2 - The ACT Test Development
  • Chapter 3 - Test Specifications
  • Chapter 4 - Accessibility
  • Chapter 5 - Test Administration
  • Chapter 6 - Test and Information Security
  • Chapter 7 - Scores, Indicators, and Norms
  • Chapter 8 - ACT's College and Career Readiness Standards and College Readiness Benchmarks
  • Chapter 9 - Scaling and Equating
  • Chapter 10 - Reliability and Measurement Error
  • Chapter 11 - Validity Evidence for the ACT Tests
  • Chapter 12 - Online Testing and Mode Comparability
  • Chapter 13 - Growth Models Using ACT Test Scores
  • Chapter 14 - Other ACT Components
  • Chapter 15 - Self-Report Information on ACT Score Reports
  • Chapter 16 - ACT State and District Testing
  • Appendix A: The 1995 ACT National Norming Study

Download the full version here:

ACT Technical Manual

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